Landscape design – an art that includes three directions. Firstly, this is an engineering aspect: architecture, construction and design; It also includes a biological aspect: botany, crop production. On the third party, landscape design uses information from the history of culture and philosophy. Also landscaping and landscaping also belongs to this type of design.
The landscape design of the garden differs from gardening and gardening in that it is more universal and includes more aspects. The main tasks of landscape design are to create harmony, beauty in combination with the infrastructure of buildings, to smooth out conflicts between nature and urban urban capacity. The specifics of the landscape design lies in the fact that the designer works not only in “live” building materials, which include vegetation, water, soil, natural relief and animal world, but also with urbanization constructions.
Even in ancient times, gardens were the traditional form of environmental organization. Gardening was distributed almost everywhere. The history of landscape design goes into the distant past and has a great legacy that has survived to this day. The first foci of agriculture appeared more than ten thousand years ago in the valleys of the interfluve, which is why the anthropogenic landscape arose – a natural landscape, which was greatly influenced by a person’s changes.
Later, people began to pay sufficient attention to aesthetics in the landscape. Thus, gardens for relaxation and t began to appear.P. The very concept of landscape design appeared in the 20th century in Western Europe, in industrialized and densely populated countries: Germany, Great Britain. Since it was in such countries that the growth of the suburbs and mass industrialization quickly led to the pressure on the environment.
The main provisions of landscape design include simplicity, convenience and practicality, aesthetic value (beauty). Landscape design as a special case of a more general concept – landscape design. The design and layout of the site occurs in a certain way – a blocking plan is created, taking into account the basic rules for the placement and planting of plants.
Thus, landscape design always indicates the style and degree of wellness, is the main decoration and property of both the garden and entire cities.