Potatoes are the most important and indispensable, along with bread, a product for us, without it, nowhere.
But to grow a good and healthy potato harvest, you need to know that it is not easy to implement. The fact is that potatoes are susceptible to many diseases and they must be able to effectively conduct a constant struggle.
Causes to diseases – mass. One of the main ones is that our gardens are small and potatoes have to be planted from year to year in the same place. Over the years, many different harmful substances have accumulated in the soil, which is the main factor in the fact that potatoes can get sick.
To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to carry out preventive work with the soil, correctly use pesticides and biological products.
Following. It is necessary to choose several varieties of potatoes (2-3 varieties), which are most suitable for the soil on your land plot. At the same time, potato varieties should be changed or rejuvenate once every 5-7 years.
For example, I have been growing one variety of potatoes for 30 years, which I am very pleased with. Potatoes always grow beautiful, perfectly stored, has excellent taste qualities.
For rejuvenation, I use two ways. The first – I plant potatoes in another area (pairs of buckets are enough). For seed material, you can plant and thoroughly.
The second method is to grow planting potatoes from seeds. This method, although time -consuming, after a couple of years, gets a completely clean landing material.
It will also be very useful to change the soil on the site. Unless, of course, there is such an opportunity and desire.
The most common potato disease is a steam (its various types). Therefore, before planting, it is recommended to treat potatoes with a solution of boric acid. To prepare such a solution, you need to dissolve 10 grams of this acid and 2 grams of copper sulfate in hot water in hot water. All this is diluted into a bucket of water. Usually, one liter of solution is enough to process 50 kilograms of seed potatoes.
To do this, lay the tubers into a film and spray with a solution. And you can plunge each tuber into this solution.
Potatoes must be dried on a film, then published with wood ash and immediately plant. But at the same time, you need to plant potatoes in warm soil, so you do not need to rush with landing.
Potatoes from many diseases and processing of potato seeds with such a solution will protect well: boric acid is taken from the water – 50 grams, potassium permanganate – 5 grams, ammonium nitrate – 150 grams, superphosphate – 150 grams.
The tubers should be lowered for a couple of minutes into the solution, then remove and dry.
The procedure is carried out both before germination and immediately before landing.
At the end of the article I would like to list several basic rules that should be observed in order to help potatoes grow up healthy.
In the fall, it is necessary to collect and destroy all the remnants of vegetation from the site. The ground must be dug up, choosing all weeds.
If possible, you need to try to observe the alternation of cultures and fruit.
You should not use fresh manure when planting potatoes, a lot of lime (for a hundred and more than 20 kilograms). All this will stimulate the development of the Parsha.
Correctly select landing material.
Plant sprouted tubers. Then the potatoes will have time to grow up until the spread of the phytofores.
Potato seeds should be processed before planting. Put on the ground.
It is also necessary to remember that it is impossible to get rid of diseases forever. Therefore, you need to constantly monitor the state of your land and the harvest of potatoes,
And further. You can not use the same drugs for processing. This is addicting diseases to them.